Epistemology

Download A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief by Alan Hazlett PDF

By Alan Hazlett

The worth of real trust has performed a significant function in heritage of philosophy—consider Socrates’ slogan that the unexamined lifestyles isn't worthy dwelling, and Aristotle’s declare that everybody evidently wishes knowledge—as good as in modern epistemology, the place questions on the price of information have lately taken heart level. It has frequently been assumed that exact representation—true belief—is useful, both instrumentally or for its personal sake. In A luxurious of the Understanding, Allan Hazlett deals a severe learn of that assumption, and of the most ways that it may be defended.


Hazlett defends the belief that actual trust is at such a lot occasionally precious. within the first a part of the booklet, he goals the view that real trust is in general greater for us than fake trust, and argues that fake ideals approximately ourselves—for instance, unrealistic optimism approximately our futures and approximately people, equivalent to overly optimistic perspectives of our friends—are frequently precious vis-a-vis our health. within the moment half, he pursuits the view that fact is “the objective of belief,” and argues for anti-realism concerning the epistemic worth of precise trust. jointly, those arguments include a problem to the philosophical assumption of the price of actual trust, and recommend another photograph, on which the truth that a few humans love fact is all there's to “the worth of precise belief.”

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Ignorance is no more or less appealing than knowledge.  626): I do not want to know whether Gordon Brown looks good with his shirt off. And it’s not just that I don’t want to know that, I positively want not to know that. I strongly prefer ignorance to knowledge. Clearly a descriptive interpretation of the principle of curiosity needs to be restricted. Supposing we still seek some claim that applies to everyone, the restriction must be placed on the questions to which everyone is said to want to know the answer.

1). They are concerned with cases in which mere true belief seems just as good as knowledge: someone who has a true belief about the way to Larissa will get there just as fast as someone who knows the way to Larissa. This book is about the value of knowledge, as opposed to ignorance—but not the ignorance of mere true belief. The cases we are concerned with are cases in which false belief seems better than knowledge. The central question here is not whether, and in what way, knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief, but rather the question of whether, and in what way, knowledge is more valuable than false belief.

We will remain neutral, at least, between minimalist, deflationist, correspondence, and other “realist” theories of truth. There are three approaches to truth that we must reject if the following inquiry is to make sense. First, we must reject any view on which false belief is impossible. According to a certain kind of extreme relativism, no proposition is merely true or false, but is always true or false for a particular person. And one way of cashing out 34 two ancient ideas what it means for a proposition to be true or false “for a person” is to say that a proposition is true for a person iff she believes it, and false for a person iff she believes its negation.

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