Production Operations

Download Academic Entrepreneurship: Unternehmertum in der Forschung by Achim Walter, Michael Auer PDF

By Achim Walter, Michael Auer

Die Frage, wie aus Forschungsergebnissen in shape "roher" Technologien wertschaffende Unternehmen entstehen, wird angesichts drohender Wohlstandsverluste gerade in klassischen Industrienationen von Vertretern der Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Politik zunehmend diskutiert. Universitäten und öffentliche Forschungseinrichtungen sollen nicht nur unternehmerisch denken, sondern auch handeln. Damit Unternehmensgründungen aus der Forschung wertvolle Beiträge zur Schaffung von Arbeitsplätzen, Innovation und regionalem Wohlstand leisten können, müssen akademische Gründer ihre Technologien in marktgerechte Produkte überführen können. In der Praxis ist akademisches Entrepreneurship bislang jedoch ein relativ schwach verstandenes Phänomen.
Dieser Sammelband umfasst aktuelle Studien zu Einflussgrößen des Wachstums akademischer Spin-offs. In konzeptionellen Beiträgen wird dargelegt, mit welchen Methoden und Instrumenten sich Unternehmertum in Forschungseinrichtungen gezielt fördern lässt. Fallstudien geben sehr anschaulich einen Einblick in das administration und die institutionelle Unterstützung akademischer Unternehmensgründungen.

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Extra info for Academic Entrepreneurship: Unternehmertum in der Forschung

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85) that reflects the communication quality and information dissemination in a spin-off organization. 50 in all cases and greater than the squared structural link between the constructs. 001). , Dwyer et al. 1987; Ruekert and Walker 1987). In the next step, all reflective measures were analyzed for reliability and validity. CFA analysis was used to estimate a measurement model composed of the EO scale and the four NC scales. Using LISREL with the covariance matrix as input, each of the items loaded appropriately on one of the five first-order constructs.

All AVE’s were greater than the squared structural links between the constructs. Finally, in order to assess the suitability of the four NC components, an overall NC measurement item external to the NC index was correlated with the following variables: coordination activities, relational skills, partner knowledge, and internal communication. An overall item that summarizes the essence of the formative construct was used as an external criterion (Diamantopoulos and Winklhofer 2001). All four NC index variables turned out to be significantly correlated with the item "we develop mutual beneficial relationships with our partners".

Networks are of catalytic importance in the creation of university spinouts (Nicolaou and Birley, 2003b). Our results may also be informative for firms other than spin-offs. First, venture capitalists and other investors can be advised to analyze not only the technological capabilities and entrepreneurial orientation of spin-offs, but also their network capability before making an investment decision. As our results show, network capability has a key influence on a wide variety of performance measures and, as such, should be more seriously considered.

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