By Robert Nola, Howard Sankey, R. Nola, H. Sankey
A few imagine that concerns to do with clinical procedure are final century's stale debate; Popper was once an suggest of technique, yet Kuhn, Feyerabend, and others are speculated to have introduced the controversy approximately its prestige to an finish. The papers during this quantity convey that matters in technique are nonetheless greatly alive. the various papers reinvestigate matters within the debate over technique, whereas others set out new ways that the controversy has built within the final decade. The e-book may be of curiosity to philosophers and scientists alike within the reassessment it presents of previous debates approximately process and present instructions of study.
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Extra info for After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method
But the later Popper 18 ROBERT NOLA AND HOWARD SANKEY adjudicated between his own and rival SMs by comparing them with historical judgements about what was, and what was not, great science. In this respect the later Popper and Lakatos have closely similar views about meta-methodology - it is 'quasi-empirical', as they say, and not a priori or conventionalist in character. In this section we will examine the views of the early Popper and in the next the later Popper and Lakatos together. The early Popper was impressed by the way in which science, unlike many other bodies of belief, was open to radical revision (on the whole), such revisions being best exemplified by the overthrow, in the first quarter of the twentieth century, of the highly confirmed Newtonian mechanics by the Special and General Theories of Relativity and by Quantum Mechanics.
It alerted STS practitioners to the mystified ways in which philosophers talked about science, which made the production of knowledge seem qualitatively different from other social practices. In the wake of STS research, philosophical words such as truth. ' (Brante et al. • p. ix) Kuhn's attempted meta-methodological justification, along with the values he endorses, place his later work firmly within traditional philosophical concerns about scientific method. 6 9. FEYERABEND'S CRITICISM OF METHODOLOGY For a person who is famous for alleging that the only universal principle of rationality is 'anything goes', or giving his books titles such as Against Method, or THEORIES OF SCIENTIFIC METHOD 31 Farewell to Reason, it might come as a surprise to some to find that Feyerabend, in his autobiography completed just before his death, makes the following claim on behalf of rationality: 'I never "denigrated reason", whatever that is, only some petrified and tyrannical version of it' (Feyerabend 1995, p.
Given the further matters he addresses, it is clear that for Carnap the task of methodology in inductive logic goes beyond the role it plays in deductive logic as a mere heuristics of theorem-proving, thus bringing his conception of methodology into closer contact with the concept we have introduced in previous sections. This becomes evident when one discovers that the methodology of inductive logic contains rules or principles of the following sort. , p. 211). , p. 230). Carnap's inductive logic also needs supplementing with methodological rules concerning the decisions that are to be made in the light of one's observations and available hypotheses.