By David Lea
An in-depth survey of the key commodities of the area * Profiles each one commodity intimately * offers in-depth information on creation * contains a useful listing Contents: * Introductory essays * Covers all significant agricultural and mineral items together with aluminium, coal, cotton, nickel, petroleum, bananas, rice, rubber, tea, espresso, tobacco, wheat, ordinary fuel, soybeans, zinc, lead and phosphates * every one commodity is profiled intimately with info on actual visual appeal, heritage, makes use of, significant markets, developments favourite, significant importers and exporters * Statistical information of contemporary degrees of creation at an international and person nation point * fresh tendencies in costs with indexes of export costs * A listing of corporations keen on commodities.
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Extra resources for Agricultural and Mineral Commodities Year Book
The minimum access provision in the AoA, allowing imports of up to 5% of consumption at low tariff rates is no remedy to the high tariffs and, in any case, a number of countries have raised complaints that such quotas are unfairly distributed. Perhaps more disappointing is the continuation in the industrialized countries of the various domestic support measures permitted under the Blue Box exemptions. To the extent that these measures are directly related to production, it results in excess output.
Tons have been identified. The country’s huge Albrás aluminium plant, which began operations in early 1986, achieved its installed production capacity of 150,000 tons per year in October. The plant was largely financed by Japan (which takes a share of its output). In mid-1999 work was completed on the expansion of the Pinda rolling-mill in Pindamonhangaba. The US $370m. expansion, which also included the largest recycling plant in South America, led to an increase in production from 120,000 tons per year to 280,000 tons per year.
Tons. However, demand is forecast to outstrip supply by a wider margin up to 2005, increasing China’s reliance on imports. In 1999 it was reported that China had 111 aluminium smelters, of which about 40 had been constructed in the preceding two years. In August 1999 the China Aluminium Corpn (Chalco) was established to assume responsibility for the management of aluminium production facilities formerly controlled by the State Bureau of Nonferrous Metals Industry. At that time the aluminium smelters operated by Chalco had a production capacity of about 1m.