By Jose Moreira
Supplying an entire creation to the state of the art in high-speed electronic trying out with computerized attempt apparatus (ATE), this functional source is the 1st publication to concentration completely in this more and more very important subject. that includes transparent examples, this one-stop reference covers all serious points of the topic, from high-speed electronic fundamentals, ATE instrumentation for electronic functions, and try out and measurements, to construction trying out, aid instrumentation and textual content fixture layout.
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Additional info for An Engineer's Guide to Automated Testing of High-Speed Interfaces
10]). 20. Typically this is more of a system test than an IC test performed with an ATE system. 20 Block diagram of a bit error rate setup measurement for a digital link. 4 Jitter Jitter and jitter testing are very important but sometimes complex subjects. There exists a myriad of resources spread through different books, articles, and applications notes. Some of the available references on this topic include [1, 2, 11–14]. This section addresses some of the important points regarding jitter in high-speed digital interfaces.
The increase of the data rate on the DUT I/O data makes the timing and level margins more critical. The question is no longer only whether there are any errors on the data transmission through the digital interface but also how many bits can be transmitted on average before the first error occurs. The reason is that in multigigabit interfaces it is no longer possible to guarantee an error-free data transmission for an indefinite amount of time. This fact requires the use of new techniques to analyze the performance of digital interfaces like the data eye diagram, BER bathtub curve, and jitter analysis, which are discussed in this and the following chapters.
Another important point is the fact that a BER measurement result will also depend on the applied pattern, especially when using a limited size pattern. 18 shows a very simplistic example that demonstrates this 4 Bit error rate is also referred to by some authors as bit error ratio. 4). 4), we will also use it through this book, although the reader should be aware of this possible distinction. 22 An Engineer’s Guide to Automated Testing of High-Speed Interfaces dependency. In the figure, the noise of the receiver moves some of the strobing edges to wrong positions that might generate bit errors.