Epistemology

Download An Introduction to the Philosophy of Knowledge by Jennifer Trusted (auth.) PDF

By Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

A brief account of the philosophy of information for college kids examining philosophy for the 1st time. It additionally serves as a common advent to these attracted to the topic. Jennifer relied on examines the character of philosophy as a subject matter for learn and means that it has sensible use in addition to highbrow charm because it is anxious with constructing our realizing via serious appraisal of the techniques we use, so making our difficulties transparent. Dr depended on additionally appears on the method of a few of the major philosophers of the western international to the philosophy of information. The perspectives of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Kant are thought of. There are chapters largely serious about the perspectives of the twentieth-century philosophers: A.J. Ayer and Norman Malcolm. The concluding bankruptcy summarises a few of the methods and how they give a contribution to clarifying our ideas.

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Not merely to show tha~ misuse of 'real' can lead to ridiculous statements analogous to those we get if we misuse 'nobody'. Austin aims to show the various different ways in which the word sets snares for the unwary, and he wants to stress that 'real' is not unique in this respect. He uses 'real' as an example, but he makes many general points about the meanings of words: Words may be substantive-hungry in that they require attachment to a noun, or substantive, in order to be understood. ', my question cannot be properly understood unless the nature of 'it' is known.

It is not difficult to find present-day examples of this problem. Plato discusses the problem in the form of what is called the Socratic dialogue. Socrates (Plato's teacher, to whom Plato looked for philosophic guidance) poses the questions and Euthyphro is led to modify his original view. For Euthyphro begins by asserting that a thing is holy because the Gods love it, but he is so questioned that he comes to acknowledge that this is not the case, the holy is loved because it is holy; it is not holy because it is loved.

Very much so,' said he. 'And if he should have to compete with those who had been always prisoners, by laying down the law about those shadows while he was blinking before his eyes were settled down - and it would take a good long time to get used to things - wouldn't they all laugh at him and say he had spoiled his eyesight by going up there, and it was not worth-while so much as to try to go up? ' said he. 'Then we must apply this image, my dear Glaucon,' said I, 'to all we have been saying.

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