By Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Stephan Solzhenitsyn, Kenneth Lantz
On hand for the 1st time in English, Apricot Jam and different tales is the intense ultimate paintings of fiction from Nobel Prize-winning writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. Written within the years among Solzhenitsyn's go back to Russia from exile in 1994, and his demise in 2008, those tales be sure the author's place because the so much eloquent and acclaimed opponent of presidency oppression within the 20th century and as a real literary huge. Apricot Jam and different tales provides a sequence of marvelous graphics of the Russian existence prior to, in the course of and after Soviet rule. In 'The New Generation', a professor promotes a pupil simply out of excellent will. Years later, an identical professor unearths himself arrested and, in a outstanding coincidence, his scholar turns into his interrogator. In 'Nastenka', younger women with a similar identify lead regimen, ordered lives – till the Revolution exacts radical switch on them either.
With an unforgettable solid of army commanders, imprisoned activists and displaced households, those tales play out the ethical dilemmas and ideological conflicts that outlined Russia within the 20th century.
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Extra resources for Apricot Jam and Other Stories
14 Introduction Simplified distribution of macro-ethnicities. 4 Pushtun being equated with Taliban. At this point the war was viewed as a clash between communities, of a type liable to recur. With the ideological dimension left out of account, the identity of a political leader is reduced to his communal aspect alone, especially by the media. In reality the employment of the category of ‘ethnic warfare’ to describe the Afghan conflict is far from being neutral, and is in itself an ideological position.
In fact the Tajiks belong to two distinct groups according to their geographical locality and their way of life. In Afghanistan the geographical distribution of the communities is to an extent regulated by the ecological opportunities afforded by economic occupations. The Tajiks live in the towns, or more properly in the bazaars, and occupy an important position in trade, but the term Tajik also applies to the long-standing Iranian populations who farm in the high valleys of the Hindu Kush. Another factor is that a person is deemed to have become a Tajik when he takes up the urban way of life and adopts Persian as his everyday language, especially in such towns as Herat and Kabul.
The national bank (Bank-i melli), established in the 1930s, operated in the first instance with private capital and played a part in the creation of most of the industrial ventures of significant size, such as the cotton company Spinzar. Not till the 1960s was there any development of smaller-scale industries, which were never able to obtain sufficient capital. Beyond the ranks of the national élites, the central authority could also count on the loyalty of particular communities. From the time of Timur, the amir employed two strategies, both normal within imperial structures, to ensure the loyalty of his supporters.