By Richard A. Behr
Glass is more and more getting used as a structural fabric in new constructions. The structural envelope may possibly consist both totally or in part of glass, and this development to eschew conventional fabrics similar to brick and urban for steel-framed, glass clad constructions provides inherent difficulties. a big factor is the functionality of glazing in the course of earthquakes and severe climatic occasions, comparable to windstorms and heavy snow quite a bit. This authoritative ebook experiences the present state-of-the artwork in glass and glazing expertise to withstand failure because of those common occasions.
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Additional resources for Architectural Glass to Resist Seismic and Extreme Climatic Events
On the other hand, for a glass panel with a small crack in a corner still captured by the frame, the question would be the urgency of replacement – not the need for replacement. In general, the strength of a 42 Architectural glass to resist seismic and extreme climatic events cracked glass panel is signiﬁcantly diminished, and should be considered a risk for fallout. Another point relevant to the repair costs is that, in general, unlike an AN monolithic glass pane, laminated glass and IG units may also cause damage to the glazing framing as well because of the inherent higher strength of such conﬁgurations.
4 show, respectively, photographs of buildings with typical dry-glazed and structural silicone-glazed curtain walls. Punched windows are generally surrounded by other wall cladding materials on all four sides, as shown in Fig. 5. 1 Typical section of a dry-glazed curtain wall frame system. 2 Typical detail for a structural silicone glazing (SSG) curtain wall conﬁguration. deformation compatibility under load between the window and the surrounding wall elements. Strip windows are more common in ofﬁce buildings and normally span vertically between horizontal spandrel beams and panels, as shown in Fig.
In these systems, the mullion, which may be continuous over two or more stories, as shown in Fig. 7, must deform to accommodate building interstory drifts. 7 shows examples of mullion attachments to a structural steel frame and concrete ﬂoor system. If the curvature resulting from such lateral deformation consumes the glass-to-metal clearance (deﬁned in Fig. 1) built into the glazing system, as shown also in Fig. 7 Typical attachment through clip angles of mullions to steel frame and concrete ﬂoor over two adjacent stories.