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All ages and each tradition has trusted the incorporation of arithmetic of their works of structure to imbue the equipped setting with which means and order. arithmetic can be important to the creation of structure, to its equipment of size, fabrication and research. This two-volume edited assortment offers a close portrait of the ways that possible assorted disciplines are interconnected. Over virtually a hundred chapters it illustrates and examines the connection among structure and mathematics...

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Additional info for Architecture and Mathematics from Antiquity to the Future, Volume 1: Antiquity to the 1500s

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For example, in Southern Anatolia in Turkey the Chalcolithic (Copper Age) people of C ¸ atalho¨yu¨k constructed a dense cellular architecture, wherein a network of broadly orthogonal masonry walls was roofed with timber shingles. At around the same time, wattle and daub structures with thatched roofs over timber beams began appearing across both Eastern and Western Europe. In Germany, England and Ireland more elaborate timber structures, including long houses, tombs and cisterns were also being constructed (Cruickshank 1996).

Such a ritual system, based on visual relations as defined from distinct points in space, might explain why many Greek towns and sites have complex angled plans, which have resisted standard geometric analysis techniques. In ‘The Geometry of the Master Plan of Roman Florence and its Surroundings’ (Chap. 12), Carol Martin Watts describes the Roman town planning practice of laying out major streets in accordance with cardinal points. Thereafter she offers a possible explanation for the planning of both the city and countryside of Florence, which is in accordance with Roman practices, relies on a range of clear geometric processes and responds to symbolic concerns about genius loci.

The need to plant and harvest crops at appropriate times led to the need to measure and predict the seasons and thus the first calendars were developed. The desire to trade with neighbouring lands was responsible for the Sumerians developing simple weights and measures. However, the first great developments in both architecture and mathematics can be traced to the Ancient Egyptians. Responsible for a variation of the decimal system, for surveying and the astronomical calendar, the Egyptian civilisation developed both architecture and mathematics to a new level of refinement (Rossi 2004).

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