By Ferran Mart?n
This ebook provides and discusses choices to boring transmission strains for the layout and implementation of complicated RF/microwave parts in planar technology.
This ebook is dedicated to the research, examine and functions of synthetic transmission traces in most cases applied by way of a bunch line comfortably changed (e.g., with modulation of transverse dimensions, with etched styles within the steel layers, etc.) or with reactive loading, for you to in attaining novel gadget functionalities, more suitable functionality, and/or lowered measurement.
The writer starts with an introductory bankruptcy devoted to the basics of planar transmission traces. bankruptcy 2 is targeted on man made transmission traces in response to periodic constructions (including non-uniform transmission strains and reactively-loaded lines), and offers a accomplished research of the coupled mode idea. Chapters three and four are devoted to man made transmission strains encouraged through metamaterials, or according to metamaterial suggestions. those chapters contain the most functional implementations of such traces and their circuit types, and a large evaluate in their RF/microwave purposes (including passive and lively circuits and antennas). bankruptcy five makes a speciality of reconfigurable units in keeping with tunable synthetic strains, and on non-linear transmission strains. The bankruptcy additionally introduces a number of fabrics and parts to accomplish tuning, together with diode varactors, RF-MEMS, ferroelectrics, and liquid crystals. eventually, bankruptcy 6 covers different complicated transmission traces and wave guiding constructions, comparable to electroinductive-/magnetoinductive-wave strains, common-mode suppressed balanced strains, lattice-network synthetic strains, and substrate built-in waveguides.
Artificial Transmission strains for RF and Microwave functions presents an in-depth research and dialogue of synthetic transmission strains, together with layout instructions that may be necessary to researchers, engineers and students.
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Additional info for Artificial Transmission Lines for RF and Microwave Applications
There are not reflections in the load). Conversely, if the load is an open or a short circuit, the reflection coefficient is ρL(ZL = ∞) = 1 and ρL(ZL = 0) = −1, respectively, and the incident power is reflected back to the source. Notice that the incident power is also reflected back to the source for reactive loads, where |ρL(ZL = jχ)| = 1, χ being the reactance. Partially reflected and absorbed power 10 FUNDAMENTALS OF PLANAR TRANSMISSION LINES occurs for resistive loads not matched to the line, or for complex loads.
8 Ω. 102) (actually some optimization was required due to the effects of line discontinuities, not accounted for by the model). 8 at 2fo. 14. The circuit simulation of the same line loaded with a shunt connected LC resonator with the reactive values given above is also included in the figure, for comparison purposes. The agreement is excellent up to 2fo, indicating that the semilumped approximation is valid in the considered frequency range. 14 can be considered to belong to this category (the bandwidth can be controlled by the inductance/capacitance ratio).
This means that a reactive load with inductive/capacitive reactance is seen as capacitive/inductive reactance from the input port; in other words, the sign of the reactance is reversed in λ/4 lines. 32), it also follows that an open-circuit load is transformed to shortcircuit at the input port of a λ/4 line, and vice versa. 31) takes the following form: Zin ZL = ∞ = − jZo cot βl 1 33a Zin ZL = 0 = jZo tan βl 1 33b Thus, the input impedances are purely reactive, just as those of lumped reactive elements (inductors and capacitors).