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By Ian Marsh

This new textual content will motivate scholars to strengthen a deeper figuring out of the context and the present workings of the felony justice process.

Part One deals a transparent, obtainable and accomplished overview of the key philosophical goals and sociological theories of punishment, the historical past of justice and punishment and the constructing viewpoint of victimology partially , the point of interest is at the major parts of the modern legal justice process -- together with the police, the courts and judiciary, prisons and neighborhood consequences.

The energetic engagement of scholars with the cloth lined distinguishes this article from others within the region and makes it a true instructing source and useful textual content.

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Additional resources for Criminal Justice: An Introduction to Philosophies, Theories and Practice

Example text

The punishing of lawbreakers, then, was not just, or even mainly, about controlling crime. So, for Durkheim, social order was based on a core of shared values and moralities; and punishment provided a clear illustration of this moral nature of social order. These ideas about social order and punishment were first elaborated by Durkheim in The Division of Labour in Society, with changes in the nature of punishment seen as reflecting changes in the nature of social morality and social solidarity.

These changes, Garland suggests, have taken the emotion out of the punishment of offenders, with punishment being administered by paid officials rather than the general public or even those personally affected by the offenders’ actions. All of this affects the form (and length) of punishment; for example, how an inmate behaves in prison will affect the time he or she spends in prison. The rationalisation and professionalisation of justice has clearly altered the meaning and the practices of punishment in modern society.

Here the punishment is less closely related to the particular offence committed and more about deciding whether and when the offender is rehabilitated and so harmless, or at least able to be returned to ‘normal’ society. Although it is more a feature of the system of criminal justice in the United States, there are elements of this approach in the way the parole system works in Britain, with prisoners released on licence ahead of their expected release date on the advice of professional experts.

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